There are hundred of models available on the market, so if you are not familiar with rifle scopes, they could be a bit intimidating. They come in different varieties. Therefore, before making a purchase, it’s important to know that the type of scope you will need depends on the type of shooting you will do. In simple terms, you need to understand that no two rifles are exactly the same. However, if you want to find out more about these devices, keep on reading the following lines.
|1. Trijicon VCOG 1-6×24 Riflescope Ballistic Reticle||2. Trijicon TA31F 4×32 ACOG||3. Leupold Mark 4 LR/T M1 TMR||4. Eotech OPMOD EXPS2||5. EOTech 512.A65 Tactical HOLOgraphic|
|Type||Medium-range Scope||Medium-range Scope||Long-range Scope||Holographic Sight||Holographic Sight|
|Dimensions||10.05″ x 2.51″ x 2.73″||7.6″ x 6.5″ x 3.2″||17.1″ x 4.1″ x 3.1″||3.5″ x 2.2″ x 2.4″||5.4″ x 2″ x 2.25″|
|Weight||23.2 oz.||9.9 oz.||23 oz.||11.2 oz.||10.9 oz.|
|Battery Type||AA Alkaline or Lithium||Battery-free||CR2032 3V||s1 CR123 Lithium Battery||Two 1.5 V AA Batteries|
|Battery Life||700 hours||N/A||N/A||600 hours||Lithium: 1,000 hours; Alkaline: 600 hours|
|Exterior Finish||Matte Black||Matte Black||Matte Black||Non reflective black with hard coat finish||Black|
|Objective Size||24 mm||32 mm||50 mm||N/A||N/A|
|Reticle Pattern||Segmented Circle / Crosshair||Chevron||Tactical Milling Reticle||Dot||Cirecle, Dot|
|Eye Relief||4″ constant||1.5″||4.4″ – 3.6″||Unlimited||Unlimited|
|Exit Pupil (mm)||10.41 – 3.81||8||7.69 – 2.5||N/A||N/A|
|Field of View (100 yards)||95 – 15.9 ft||36.8 ft||5.5 ft – 14.3 ft||90 ft||90 ft|
Additional Technical Specifications
|Bindon Aiming Concept||Bindon Aiming Concept||Adjustment Click Value: 1/4 MOA||Reticle Options: 65MOA circle with two 1MOA aiming dots for trajectory compensation.||Reticle: 65 MOA circle with 1 MOA aiming dot|
|Bullet Drop Compensator||Bullet Drop Compensator||Adjustment Type: Click||Adjustment Range: +/- 40 MOA||Return to Zero: Repeatable to 1 MOA after re-mounting|
|Focal Plane: First||Housing Material: Forged Aliminium||Zero Stop: No||Return to Zero: Repeatable to 2 MOA after re-mounting||Mount: 1″ Picatinny (MIL-STD-1913) or Weaver rail|
|Housing Material: Forged Aliminium||Illumination Source: Fiber Optics & Tritium||Reticle Focal Plane Location: 2nd||Mount: 1″ Weaver or (MIL-STD-1913) rail adjustable for width variation||Optical Surfaces: Anti-glare coating|
|Illumination Source: LED||Mount: TA51||Parallax Adjustment: Side focus||Optical Surfaces: Anti-glare coating||Front Window Material: 1/8″ solid glass|
|Adjustement Elevation: 90 MOA total travel; Windage: 90 MOA total travel; Per Revolution: 35 MOA||Calibration 0.223||DiamondCoat lens system||Front Window Material: 1/8″ solid glass||Rear Window Material: Shatter resistant laminate (3/16″ thick)|
|Calibration 300 BLK||Field of View: 7 degrees||Rear Window Material: Shatter resistant laminate (3/16″ thick)|
|Field of View: 18.0 – 3.0 degrees||Multi-coated lenses provide superior clarity and light gathering capabilities with zero distortion||Night Vision Compatibility: None|
|Great for CQB and long distance|
|Superior glass quality and light gathering capabilities|
|Auto Battery Check Indicator|
|Brightness Settings||6 adjustable settings||N/A||N/A||30 settings with scrolling feature||20 settings with scrolling feature|
Warranty & Support
|Warranty||N/A||Lifetime Warranty||Lifetime Warranty||Lifetime Warranty||N/A|
This model is one of the most advanced devices on the market and it was built for those who need an accurate and innovative scope. The model is a close quarter battle (CQB) scope that is made of high-quality glass and light gathering capabilities with zero distortion. In order to make the shooting operation much easier, the Trijicon VCOG 1-6×24 Riflescope uses the bullet drop compensation that allows the hunter to quickly estimate the range and choose the appropriate hold. Furthermore, the scope comes with a forged 7075-T6 aircraft-aluminum-alloy housing, which makes the device very durable and resistant. At the same time, the model is waterproof and fog proof, making it a great choice for bad weather conditions while the battery will provide up to 700 hours of continuous use at brightness settings 4 and 6. The item comes with a TA51 mount and a first focal plane reticle, making this model the perfect choice for all those who want to achieve great hunting results.
Trijicon TA31F 4×32 ACOG comes with a chevron reticle that is zeroed when using the tip at 100 meters, allowing range estimation for silhouette targets. The dual illumination of this model means that the daylight illumination is possible due to the fiber optics, while the tritium phosphor lamp will keep the reticle illuminated at night. This means that the rifle scope doesn’t require any batteries and the brightness is automatically adjusted in order to provide the appropriate light conditions. Again, the innovative bullet drop compensation and the bindon aiming concept make this model a great choice for all those who want to hunt with great precision and accuracy. The ranging reticle for Trijicon TA31F 4×32 ACOG is calibrated for 0223 cal flattop rifles out to 800 meters.
This scope will surely impress even the most experienced shooters because it offers great performance to all those who try it. The Tactical Milling Reticle technology is specially designed to offer a very accurate view in both dark and low light and the diamond coat lens system provides one of the best light transmissions and a durable abrasion surface for the exterior lenses. Another great aspect of Leupold Mark 4 LR/T is the side focus that corrects the parallax error and offers accuracy for a wide range of distances. At the same time, the 30 mm tube of this model will allow the light to pass through the sight so the hunter will be able to see the image better.
The Eotech OPMOD EXPS2-2 uses the hologram technology, which makes it very easy to use for both professionals and beginners. The holographic sight allows the user to use both eyes open when they shoot, enabling quick target acquisition. The optical surfaces provide an anti-glare coating which makes them very durable and the front window material is made of 1/8″ solid glass while the rear one is made of shatter-resistant laminate with a 3/16″ thickness. The Single transverse CR123 battery is specially made to reduce the sight lengths and the battery cap and the latch is replaced with an O-ring tethered cap that allows you to achieve a better watertight seal.
According to the manufacturer, the EOTech 512 is their most popular holographic sight and many people choose it because it offers great versatility, even though it doesn’t feature night vision compatibility. The same as the Eotech OPMOD EXPS2-2, this model comes with an anti-glare coating for the optical surfaces, a 8″ solid glass or the front window material and a 3/16″ thick shatter-resistant laminate for the rear window material. Also, the sight is water resistant, making it perfect for a rainy weather. The battery will offer the shooter up to 1000 continuous hours on setting 12, so there’s no need to recharge it while hunting.
This top of the line model is a very popular choice among customers due to the many features that it boasts. The high-quality optical glass that it comes with and the optics ensure a bright and sharp image, thus enabling you to have a very clear view on your target. Also, no matter the conditions, you will have an easy time adjusting the grip due to the fact that it’s made with a great quality rubber. Another amazing feature that it comes with is the HydroShield that maintains a clear sight picture no matter the weather conditions, thus allowing you to use it even when there’s heavy rain. These features are what distinguish the Simmons 511039 from its competitors and what have made it one of the best-selling products of this kind on the market. Best of all, it boasts a sleek design that makes it a stylish option to go with and it doesn’t cost much either. Therefore, considering everything that it has to offer, it’s definitely an investment worth making, being one of the most reliable products of this kind on the market.
A rifle scope or sight is just as important as the rifle itself and this is why you have to understand the basics of this technology. For many people, having a rifle and not equipping it with a scope or sight is out of discussion so they always pair their gun with such a device. If you too are interested in this type of equipment, it’s better to make sure that you learn more about them in order to make sure your rifle will be paired with a high-performance scope or sight.
To begin with, a telescopic sight is a piece of hunting optics that allows the user to see a target much further and clearer than he would with the naked eye. This is possible due to the fact that the scope magnifies the target and its surroundings, giving the hunter the possibility to make accurate shots. The magnification of an object is resulted from bending the light rays and directing them through the lenses within the scope. Therefore, we may say that even if you have a low-quality rifle, its performance can be greatly increased by using a high-quality telescopic site.
There are many types of scopes available on the market, but for making things easier for those who just want to know the basics, specialists divide them into two categories: variable and fixed scopes. The first category is also the most common one, the variable scopes being designed for all those who want a clean shot. The magnification can be adjusted depending on the target you’re hunting, making it possible to make accurate shots in a great variety of hunting situations. The second category, namely the fixed scopes , will not allow you to adjust the magnification, making them a little more complicated to use than the variable ones. Usually, this type of scope is recommended for those who know exactly the purpose of their hunting. At the same time, the fixed rifle scopes can be used only for certain types of firearms and usually only those who are more experienced in this field look for such scopes. For a complete image of the types of rifles scopes, we should also mention the night vision scopes will allow the hunter to shoot at night or when the natural light is low and it’s very difficult to see the target properly. Both variable and fixed scopes can have the night vision feature included which can be very helpful for all those who hunt during the night.
In this category, we have more subcategories such as iron sights, red dot sights, laser sights and holographic sights. In order to better understand all of them, we will outline the main characteristics of every sight in the lines below.
Usually, when you buy a rifle, it comes with an incorporate iron sight, but there are situations in which the rifle will not feature one. The iron sight is, in most cases, made of metal, mainly aluminum or steel, and it has a front and rear sight. Also, in terms of formation of the iron sights, we distinguish two types: open and aperture sights. For safety reasons, it’s better to always have an iron sight on the rifle, because you’ll never know when it may help you. Also, in case your optic sight fails, it’s great to have a backup option when you’re in middle of the action. Usually, in order to permit quick shifts between optics and iron sights, the latter is placed at 45 degrees offset.
The red dot sights are also referred to as reflex sights and they are defined as an optical device that reflects a reticle image onto a target in order to give the shooter the ability to see where the device is pointing at. The red dot sights use the LED technology to create the reticle and are great for citizens, military officers and so on because they help for a quicker acquisition of the target. The reflex sights are also the most commonly used non-magnifying sights in the military field while civil people use them for achieving speed shooting. Also, what is interesting about these sights is that even if the shooter moves, the image stays on target, making them very helpful for all those who are novice in this sport.
The reflex sights can be further divided into three categories: open, full tube and small tube sights. The open sights or mini reflex sights can’t function with more than one reflective surface and are lighter than the full tube sights. On the other hand, the full tube sights are made of a cylindrical tube that has an optic glass that looks very muck like a telescopic sight. The last type of reflexive sights, the small tube sights, are used to aid targeting on devices like telescopes or point-and-shoot digital cameras, being very popular in games that feature target shooting.
In what concerns the laser sights, they work by emitting a laser beam from the sight, allowing high-speed target acquisition. The laser beam will result in a small dot that appears even on long-distance targets. The laser sights allow the shooter to fire from different shooting positions which otherwise would not be possible with regular sights. Also, the laser sights permit the use of both eyes when acquiring the target and are great for low-light conditions.
The holographic sights use the hologram technology in order to detect the reticle and we can say that they are more complex than the red dot sights. The holographic sights are great in extreme conditions and although they are very similar to reflective sights, the holo sight has no reflective coating, so the direction of light is not disturbed.
The magnification is basically the amount of light contained in the scope which can be adjusted in case you have a variable scope. The magnification is adjusted by the power ring and while a lower magnification can be more stable, a higher one will narrow the field of view.
The diameter is very important because its size will influence the amount of light needed to form an image and it’s measured in millimeters.
The exit pupil represents the amount of brightness that enters the scope forming the small circle of light that appears in the eyepiece when the scope is held at arm’s length. Just as the objective lens diameter, the exit pupil size is measured in millimeters and it can be calculated very easily. You have to divide the size of the objective lens in millimeters by magnification. Therefore, the larger the exit pupil is, the easier will be to shoot in low light condition.
The distance between the eye and the exit pupil as you see the full field of view in the scope is called the eye relief and the performance of the scope is influenced by its length.
This is the width of the image seen through the scope from right to left and it’s measured in feet or meters at 110 yards or 100 meters. A wide field of view will allow you to monitor the target with more convenience. Nevertheless, a larger objective lens diameter will not allow you to extend the field of view because it only depends on how the device was constructed. However, the magnification can tell you more about the field of view because the higher the magnification, the smaller the field of view will be. Also, the field of view of a scope is both vertical and horizontal, being also measured in angular value in order to know at how many degrees it can be viewed.
Besides the optical parameters of a rifle scope, you should also learn about other common terms that are used when referring to scopes. They are very important and they will help you get a better understanding of the terminology when you decide to choose the right scope for your rifle.
The reticle represents the center of the target and it’s placed inside the optic. Usually, the reticle can be rendered by a crosshair, a red dot, a ring, an old or modern rangefinder, or other shapes. Also, there is possible that some scopes have mil dots that allow you to manually adjust the reticle for high winds or other conditions. In general, the CQB (close-quarter-combat) reticles are measured in MOA (minute of angle) while those used by snipers are measured in milliradians. As a fact, large reticles are better for a quick acquisition while the small ones are recommended for precision at long distances. In terms of illumination, the reticles can come with battery-powered LEDs, fiber optics or tritium.
The scope mount is a piece base that comes in different sizes: low (designed for scopes with maximum 32 mm lenses), medium (designed for scopes with maximum 42 mm lenses) and high (designed for scopes with maximum 56 mm lenses).
In simple terms, the parallax represents the shift of the target image in relation to the reticle when the eye is moved to the left or right, or up and down from the eyepiece. This occurs when the target image is not focused in the same focal plane as the reticle, thing that will affect the shooting.
The eye piece is the one that holds the ocular lens.
The ocular lens represents the lens that is closest to the eye.
The eye bell holds the eye piece.
The adjustment option will allow you to adjust the wind (left/right) or the elevation (up/down), so the shot will be more accurate.
Knowing how to choose the right scope or sight is an important aspect, so you will need some guidance in order to make a good choice. Since there are many options available on the market and you don’t know for sure which one is the best for you, we will present you below five of the most important things to consider when you buy a rifle sight.
This is the first and the most important aspect: to consider when you look for the right scope. Therefore, in case you are hunting at close range, you will most likely don’t need a high power scope. Therefore, since you’ll never use the higher setting of a scope, you will need a device that will accommodate both short and mid-range shots. On the other hand, in case your hunting technique requires longer distances, over 400 yards, then you definitely need a scope that will allow you to use it according to your needs. In this case, a high power scope that will give you the possibility to see at longer distances will be the right one for you.
When we talk about this type of items, it’s very important to check the optical quality before buying one. They use only cut lenses which are embedded on the scope and metals, thus building the transparency of the lenses. Therefore, a good rifle will allow the light to travel clearly and rapidly through the scope, reducing the elements which can negatively influence the pointing. A very good choice will be to choose a scope that has been grooved within for the obscuring parts because this will help you enhance your concentration.
In general, many people consider that a higher magnification also means a better scope, but this is not always the case. For example, an over magnification can seriously affect a good shot and a close shot usually doesn’t require great magnification. Therefore, when you look for a rifle scope, it’s better to also know how long it can go, and not only how high it can magnify or collect light. This is why knowing the purpose of the scope will help you choose the correct one that will help you achieve better results.
The name of a scope can sometimes be quite difficult to understand, especially for novice hunters. Therefore, it’s very important to understand what does their name mean. For example, when you see the name Leupold Mark 4 LR/T 6.5-20x50mm (30mm) M1 TMR, you have to know the following things: Leupold is the brand, 4 LR/T M1 means 4 Long Range Tactical M1, 6.5-20x is the magnification, 50mm is the diameter of the objective lens, 30 mm represents the length of the tube and TMR means Tactical Milling Reticle, which is a Leupold improved version of a mil-dot reticle that offers high precision. Here below are some of the most used letters explained.
As you know, the budget is one of the most important factors in determining which scope you will buy. When purchasing, you need to take into account various aspects, including technology and features, because a poor quality rifle scope would be useless, affecting your aim and shot. Just like with any other products, expense in this domain governs quality. All in all, it’s important to know that there are plenty of models to choose from with a wide range of manufacturers and brands. You don’t need to spend a fortune on such a device, you just need a keen eye.